Foods to eat when suffering from GERD
The gastroesophageal reflux disease or GERD is a common disease that affects around 20 percent of the population in the United States. GERD results from the reflux of stomach acids into the esophagus. When one experiences acid reflux constantly, more than twice in a week, then the diagnosis is GERD. Factors that can contribute to GERD are certain medicines, obesity, pregnancy, tobacco or passive smoking. While some patients experience mild symptoms of the disease, some may experience severe manifestations in the form of a chronic cough, hoarse voice, heartburn or chest pain.
GERD results from acid reflux and discomfort in the esophagus caused due to a relaxed lower esophageal sphincter. The esophagus is a crucial part of the digestive system. And as such the food one eats plays an important role in managing the symptoms and in providing GERD relief.
Acid reflux has certain trigger foods that must be avoided. Refluxmd provides a detailed list and related information on triggers. The first part of maintaining a good Gerd diet plan is to have a trigger-free diet. GERD safe food is gentle on the stomach and prevents an acid reflux form triggering due to the diet. Include the following foods in the diet to manage GERD:
- Graham crackers and saltines
- Brown rice
- Quinoa, oatmeal, cereal, bread and pasta
- Apples, bananas, pineapples and watermelon
- Broccoli, radish, green leafy vegetables and fresh salad (not tomatoes)
- Lean meats like skinless chicken, turkey, fish
- Egg whites
- Low-fat yogurt and skim milk
- Low fat or fat-free snacks
Note that the food must be cooked in less oil or fat. Fat-free, oil-free and non-spicy food is best for a GERD diet.
The following meal plans can be used as examples to design a GERD diet.
- English muffin, plain oatmeal, sliced bananas
- Boiled eggs, apple, low-fat yogurt
- Cottage cheese, sweet potato, carrots
- Cream cheese and turkey tortilla wrap
- Tuna salad with pita
- Salad and soup
- Chicken with vegetables
- Shrimp with zucchini
- Brown rice with spinach and lean steak
GERD friendly recipes are provided by Refluxmd, so patients can make the best of the available options. Restructure the diet plan by removing acid-inducing food, all with a PH of less than 5. Alcohol, pre-packaged meals, fried food, caffeine, chocolate, citrus and carbonated drinks must not be taken. Alkaline is the opposite of acid and foods rich in alkaline will neutralize stomach acid. Introduce avocados, olives, watermelon, skim milk and egg whites into a GERD diet to neutralize the acid. Do not miss any meals and eat small meals throughout the day. Diet is a big part of managing GERD and one must be careful in what they eat.
Physicians also recommend sleeping with the upper portion of the body at an elevation so that it isn’t easy for the acid to flow back into the esophagus. Exercising and maintaining a healthy weight is also important when having GERD. Certain lifestyle changes along with the right diet will reduce the discomfort from GERD significantly.
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