Cybersecurity Problems and Solutions
Cyberattacks have become a common feature of today’s interconnected world. As more organizations transition their data operations online, the sheer volume of attacks has increased as well. From 2016 to 2017, the total number of reported incidents nearly doubled, and that doesn’t account for the number of unreported attacks. Even worse, many of these attacks targeted small businesses that don’t have the tools or strategies in place to defend themselves.
Here are some of the top cybersecurity problems companies face along with a few solutions they should consider implementing to address them.
Distributed denial of service (DDoS) attacks have become one of the most prominent forms of cybercrime over the last few years. While there’s no doubting they’ve increased in frequency (2018 will set a new record for the number incidents), DDoS attacks also make for splashy headlines when they manage to take down major sites, even if they only manage to do so for a few minutes. The goal of a DDoS attack is to overload a server with access requests until it ultimately crashes. These attacks are usually facilitated by “botnets,” a fleet of computers infected by malicious software and directed by a hacker to send access requests to a single target. Newer, more intense forms of DDoS attacks involve a process known as “memcaching,” which uses unprotected, open-source object-caching systems to amplify access requests and inundate sites with more than a terabyte of traffic.
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A classic form of cyberattack, malicious software can be introduced into a system through a variety of methods. Email attachments, software downloads, and operating system vulnerabilities are the most common sources of malware. Once installed, malware disguises itself by attaching to legitimate code and spreading to other systems. The goal of malware is generally to grant unauthorized access to a computer or system. Ransomware, which denies user access to critical data via encryption until a ransom is paid to unlock it, has been responsible for several high profile cyberattacks in recent years. But new forms of malware, including Trojans, viruses, and worms, are continuously emerging to threaten organizations and individuals alike.
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